Qashqai Carperts & Rugs

The Qashqai claim to have descended from Chinese Turkestan from amongst the ranks of the armies of Genghis Khan. Originally occupying a region in Azerbaijan, the Qashqai were relocated to the Fars province under Shah Ismail I (r. 1501-1527) , whose ethnic settlement policies made up a key part of his military and economic policies.6 Around this same period a Qashqai confederacy was formed by a man named Jani Agha Qashqai who was named overlord of Fars by Shah Abbas.7 The confederacy was made up of various ethnic groups such as the Kurds, Lors and the Afshars . Due to their Mongol origins and this later union of various ethnicities, the people we call the 'Qashqai' consist of an ethnically diverse background. [1]

As a result of these migrations and mixed heritage, Qashqai rugs exhibit influences from several regions around the Persian world. Possessing a similarity to Turkomen rugs, Qashqai rug weaving is more bold and direct, especially in its dominant triangular circular medallion. The tribal weavings of the Qashqai tend to use a bright palette, predominantly bright red. The pile of Qashqai weavings is long and the wool itself is of fine quality. The quality of the Qashqai carpets has not been reduced by increasing commercialism. In the first half of the 20th century, most tribal rugs started to employ the use of synthetic dyes. Qashqai rugs however favoured an almost exclusive use of natural dyestuffs.

This particular runner exhibits a wonderful harmonious colour palette using the very finest of handspun wool and natural dyes in particular the use of the indigo dye allows the rug to exude a subtle yet warm patina. The condition of runners is often of variable wear, due to the high degree use incurred by such pieces in hallways and passages. That this rug has no wear is undoubtedly due to the fact that it was either seldom used or consistently maintained in immaculate condition.

 



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